ENCl, Ente Nazionale Cinofilia Italiana, Breed Standard

  • Brief Historical Summary

This dog of ancient Italian origin used for bird hunting has developed over the ages; from the hunting by

               nets, to hunting with guns. Frescoes from the 14th century are proof of the indisputable timelessness of

               the Italian pointer over the centuries, regarding the morphology and aptitudes in hunting as a pointer.

  • General Appearance

               Of strong and harmonious construction, powerful appearance. The preferred subjects are those with

               lean limbs, well developed muscles, well defined lines with a markedly sculpted head and a very obvious

               lower orbital chiseling, elements which all contribute to give distinction to this breed.

  • Important Proportions

               Length of the body is the same or a little more than the height at the withers. Length of head is equal to

               4/10 of the height at the withers, its width, measured at the level of the zygomatic arches, is less than

               half its length. Skull and muzzle are of equal length.

  • Behavior & Temperament

               Tough and adapted to all types of hunting, reliable, endowed with an excellent ability to understand,

               docile and easy to train.

  • Head

              Angular and narrow at the level of the zygomatic arches, its length corresponds to 4/10 of the height at

              the withers: the middle of its length is at the level of a line which unites the inner angles of both eyes:

              the upper longitudinal axes of the skull ad muzzle are divergent, i.e. if extended the top line of the
              muzzle, emerges in front of the occipital protuberance, ideally at mid-length of the skull.

  • Skull Region

              Seen in profile, the skull shape is a very open arch. Seen from the top, it forms lengthwise an elongated

              ellipse. The width of the skull, measured at the level of the zygomatic arches should not exceed half of
              the length of the head. Cheeks are lean, the bugle of the forehead and the supraorbital ridges are

              perceptible, whereas the stop is not pronounced. The frontal groove is visible and ends at mid-length of

              the skull. The interparietal crest is short and not very prominent. The occipital protuberance is


  • Racial Region

              Nose - Voluminous, with large well opened nostrils, protrudes slightly over the lips with which it forms

              an angle. Color: brown or from pale pink to more or less deep fleshy red depending on the color of the

              coat. Muzzle - Foreface either straight or slightly arched. Its length is equal to half of the length of the

              head and its depth measures 4/5 of its length. Seen from the front, the lateral sides of the muzzle

              converge slightly, still presenting a foreface of good width. The chin not very apparent. Lips - Upper lips

              well developed, thin and floppy without being flaccid, covering the jaw; seen in profile, they overlap the

              lower jaw slightly, seen from the front, they form an inverted "V" below the nose; the corner of the lips

              must be marked without being droopy. Teeth - Dental arches well adapted, with the teeth square to the

              jaw; scissor bite - pincer bite is also acceptable. Eyes - Semi-lateral position with a soft and submissive
              expression neither deep set nor prominent. Eyes fairly large, y lids oval shaped and close fitting (no

              entropion or ectropion). The iris is of a more or less dark ochre or brown color depending on the coat

              color. Ears-Well developed, in length they should, without being stretched, reach the tip of the nose.

              Their width is at least equal to half their length; raised only very slightly; base rather narrow, set rather

              backwards at level of zygomatic arches: a supple ear with a front rim well-turned inwards and really

              close to the cheek is appreciated; the lower extremity of the ear ends in a slightly rounded tip.

  • Neck

              Powerful, in truncated cone shape, length not less than 2/3 of the length of the head, well detached

              from the nape. The throat shows a soft double dewlap.

  • Body

              Topline - The upper profile of the back is made up of two lines: one, almost straight, slopes from the

              withers to the 11th dorsal vertebra; the other is slightly arched, joining with the line of the rump.

              Withers - Well defined, with the points of the shoulder blades well separated. Loin - Wide lumbar

              region, muscled, short and slightly convex. Rump - Long (about 1/3 of the height at the withers), broad

              and well-muscled; the pelvic angulation (angle formed by the pelvic girdle with a horizontal line) is 30f.

              Pelvis wide. Chest - Broad, deep and well down to level of elbows, without forming a heel, with well

              sprung ribs, particularly in their lower part, and sloping. Underline - lower profile almost horizontal in its

              ribcage part, rising slightly in its abdominal part. Tail - Thick at the base, stra ight, with a slight tendency

              to taper, hair short. When the dog is in action and especially when questing, is carried horizontally or

              nearly. Should be docked at 15 - 25 cm from the root.

  • Limbs - Forequarters

              Shoulder strong, well-muscled, long and sloping, very free in its movement; the upper arm sloping,

              fitting to the ribcage; forearm strong, straight, with strong and well-marked sinews; the point of the

              elbows should be on a perpendicular line from the rear point of the shoulder blade to the ground;

              metacarpus (pasterns) well proportioned, lean, of good length and slightly sloping; feet strong, slightly

             oval shaped, well arched and closed toes with strong nails well curved towards the ground. Color of nails

              is white, yellow or brown, of a more or less dark shade depending on the color of the coat: pads elastic

              and lean.

  • limbs - Hindquarters

              Thigh long, parallel, muscular, with a rear edge almost straight; strong limbs; hocks wide, metatarsals

              relatively short and lean. The feet with all the characteristics of the front feet, have dewclaws, the

              absence of which is not a fault. Double dewclaw is tolerated.

  • Gait/Movement

              Extended and fast trot, with powerful impulsion from the hindquarters; head ra ised, nose held high in

              such a way that, when hunting, the nose is higher than the top line.

  • Skin

              Tough but elastic: fine on the head, the throat, inside the elbows and on lower part of the body. The

              visible mucous membranes must be a corresponding color with the coat, but never show black spots.

              The mucous membranes of the mouth are pink; in the roans or white and chestnut colored dogs they

              sometimes show brown or light chestnut spotting.


  • Coat

              Type of hair - Short, dense and glossy, fine and shorter on the head, the ears, front part of the legs and

              feet. Color of coat - White; white with marking of varied size of an orange or more or less dark amber

              color, white with more or less large chestnut marking; white with pale orange (speckled); white mottled

              with chestnut (roan-chestnut); in this last combination, a metallic sheen is appreciated, and a warm
              shade of chestnut is preferred, recalling the color of a monk's tunic. A symmetrical fa cial mask is
              preferred but the absence of a mask is tolerated.

  • Size & Weight

              Height at the withers between 55-67 cm. preferred size for males: (58-67 cm) - (22.83-26.37in).

              Preferred size for females: (55-62 cm), (21.65-24.4 in). Weight between (25 and 40 kg)-(55-88 lbs.)

              depending on height.

  • Faults

               Any departure from the foregoing constitutes a fault which when judging must be penalized according

               to its seriousness and its extension.

  • Faults - Elimination

               Accentuated prognathism. Size 2 cm. above or below limits indicated in the standard.

  • Faults - Disqualifying

              Split nose; convergence of cranial-facial axes; wall eye; upper prognatism; absence of pigmentation

              (albinism); black coat; white and black; tricolor; fawn, hazel, unicolor, with tan markings, mucous

               membranes, skin and annexes with traces of black.

  • N.B.

              Males should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.